Door and window hardware can be divided into building door locks, handles, supporting blocks, hinges, hinges, door closers, handles, latches, window hooks, anti-theft chains, induction door opening and closing devices, etc. according to their uses.
Door and window hardware is a general term for metal components of doors and windows, mainly including hinges, hinges, rails, door suction, floor suction, door clips, door closers, door mirrors, beading, etc.
"Door and Window Hardware" Knowledge Daquan
Common hinge: used for cabinet doors, windows, doors, etc. The materials are iron, copper and stainless steel. The disadvantage of the ordinary hinge is that it does not have the function of a spring hinge. After installing the hinge, you must install various bumpers, otherwise the wind will blow the door panel.
Pipe hinge: also called spring hinge. It is mainly used for the connection of furniture door panels. It generally requires a board thickness of 16-20 mm. The material is galvanized iron, zinc alloy. The spring hinge is equipped with an adjustment screw, which can adjust the height and thickness of the board up and down, left and right. One of its characteristics is that it can match the opening angle of the cabinet door according to space. In addition to the general 90-degree angle, 127-degree, 144-degree, 165-degree, etc. are correspondingly matched with the chain, so that various cabinet doors have corresponding extensions.
Door hinge: It is divided into ordinary type and bearing type. The ordinary type has been mentioned before. The bearing type can be divided into copper and stainless steel. Judging from the current consumption situation, copper-bearing hinges are more used because of their beautiful and bright styles, moderate prices, and screws.
Other hinges: glass hinges, countertop hinges, door hinges. The glass hinge is used to install the frameless glass cabinet door, and the glass thickness is required to be no more than 5~6 mm.
Hinge hinges are divided into concealed hinges and concealed hinges. The Ming comparison chain is the type that we usually see used in most doors and has no resilience. Most of the concealed hinges are used in furniture, which can be divided into hydraulic, quick-install, frame door and ordinary.
Door and window slides are guide rails with grooves or curves for sliding doors and windows. Ball bearings are often installed to facilitate sliding doors and windows. Refers to sliding door tracks, hanging wheels, glass pulleys, and latches (light and dark).
4. Door Stopper
The door suction is installed behind the door. After the door is opened, it is stabilized by the magnetic of the door suction to prevent the wind from automatically closing.
Floor suction is a type of door suction, also known as floor-mounted door suction. The door suction is also called the door touch, and is also a device for sucking and positioning after the door leaf is opened to prevent the wind from blowing or touching the door leaf to close. However, in daily life, the door-sucker is usually a single-finger wall-mounted door-sucker, that is, a door-mounted door-sucker; the floor-sucked single-finger floor-mounted door-sucker, that is, a door-mounted door-sucker.
6. Door clamp
The door clamp refers to the glass door clamp, which is a hardware accessory used to clamp the glass door and the ground spring or the ground shaft to make the door operate normally. It is widely used in glass doors and windows, bathroom doors, and shower rooms.
7. Door closer
The door closer can automatically close or fix the opened door leaf in a certain position. It is a spring-like hydraulic device. When the door is opened, it can be released after compression and automatically close the door. It has the function of a spring door, which can ensure that the door is After opening, close to the initial position accurately and timely... Some have the function of hinges, and some have fire resistance. The main varieties are floor springs, door top springs, door slingshots, door manufacturers, door chucks, magnetic door suction heads, etc.
The door closer can automatically close or fix the opened door leaf in a certain position. It is a spring-like hydraulic device. When the door is opened, it can be released after compression and automatically close the door. It has the function of a spring door, which can ensure that the door is After opening, close to the initial position accurately and timely. . Some have the function of hinges, and some have fire resistance. The main varieties are floor springs, door top springs, door slingshots, door manufacturers, door chucks, magnetic door suction heads, etc.
① Floor spring: also known as earth dragon. Installed in the lower part of doors and windows. It is made of gray cast iron, carbon steel, spring steel, cast steel, etc. and assembled.
② Door top spring: an automatic door closing device that uses the spring force of a spring or spiral spring to close the door leaf. A buffer cylinder is installed inside to reduce the closing speed.
③ Door slingshot: made of low carbon strip steel, and equipped with a low carbon cold drew steel top rod, which uses elastic force to close the door.
④Door maker: a simple locator that brakes the door leaf and prevents the door leaf from colliding with the wall. Installed at the outer lower corner of the door leaf, the door leaf can be positioned at any angle. ⑤Door chuck: Fix the appliance to open the door leaf. It consists of a blade-shaped base and a triangular steel leather chuck. There are two types of horizontal and vertical. The base is made of gray cast iron; the chuck is made of spring steel skin, and the surface is blued.
⑥Magnetic door suction head: It has the same function as the door and window hardware head. The suction force of the permanent magnet is used to fix the door leaf without noise.
8. Window opener
The window opener can open the ventilating window at a higher position through a certain device. The window opening execution component determines the width of the window, the weight of the window opener, and whether there is a locking function. The corner connector is a transmission component, and its deformation determines the ability of the window opener to adapt to different window types and different installation conditions. The operating part can be in the form of a handle or a rocker. There is also a manual window opener, as long as the manual window opener is suitable for hanging inside and hanging outside.
9. Door mirror
The common name of the door mirror is called cat's eye. Its function is to look outward from the door through the door mirror. It can see all the scenes in the field of view outside the door within a range of about 120 degrees, but it can't see anything inside through the door mirror from the door. thing. If the mirror is installed on the door of a public house or private apartment, it can play a certain role in the anti-theft and safety of the family. 10. Lacing (copper, aluminum, pvc)
The material of the bead matches the main material of the window, such as plastic steel, aluminum alloy, and steel material. The bead is mainly to control the gap size of the glass tank to block the glass so that the glass will not fall off.
The handle is installed on the door leaf of the building to pull the door leaf. Generally installed outside the door leaf of the building, it is required to be practical, sturdy, and able to play a decorative role. The handle has various shapes such as round handle, square handle, round pipe handle, double-row handle and so on. Generally made of copper, aluminum, stainless steel, ceramics, low carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum alloy, and organic glass. The handle after electroplating and electrostatic painting has wear-resistant and anti-corrosion effects. In addition to matching with the decoration style of the room, the handle should be able to withstand a large pulling force and play a protective role to keep the home in a safe state.
The so-called latch is a set of pins used to fix the workpiece on the jig or mold and is used to hold the door and window when the door and window are closed. A simple component that prevents opening is an anti-theft component that prevents doors and windows from being opened from the outside. It is much simpler than the structure of the lock, except that it is locked outside the door and the bolt is inside the door. There are various types of common type, closed type, tube type, butterfly type bolt and concealed bolt, up and down long bolt, window turning bolt and so on. Made of low-carbon steel.
12. Building door lock
Locks installed on doors and frames of buildings that require opening and closing. It is generally composed of a lock body (including bolt door and window hardware, operating mechanism and brake mechanism), as well as a lock panel, handle, cover, etc. The lock tongue is divided into the oblique tongue, square tongue, double tongue, bead tongue, and hook tongue. The lock panel has flat mouth, left tongue, right tongue and round mouth. The handle has round spherical, bent handle and Pull the ring.
Architectural door locks can be divided into door locks, room door locks, bathroom door locks, wind tunnel door locks and toilet door locks according to the occasion of use; according to insurance performance, they can be divided into single insurance, double insurance and three insurance door locks, according to structural characteristics. Divided into exterior door locks, mortise door locks and spherical door locks.
① Exterior door lock: The lock body covers the surface of the door leaf. The main products are single-tongue single-insurance door lock, single-tongue double-insurance door lock, single-tongue three-insurance door lock, double-tongue three-insurance door lock, double-tongue double-lock three-insurance door lock, multi-tongue double-lock three-insurance door lock Wait.
② Mortise door lock: The lock body is embedded in the door leaf from the side of the door leaf. There are two types of blade structure and billiard structure. The main products include sliding door mortise door lock, single square tongue mortise door lock, single oblique tongue mortise door lock, single oblique tongue button mortise door lock, double tongue mortise door lock, double tongue mortise door lock, Blade handles door locks, etc.
③Spherical door lock: beautiful appearance, easy to use, mostly used in high-grade buildings.
Used to open and close metal sashes. It is generally installed in the middle of the edge of the window sash, and some are also designed as a mechanism for moving the door and window hardware with the bolt. It is mostly made of brass, low carbon steel, zinc alloy, stainless steel and other materials, and the surface is plated with nickel, chromium or zinc.
14. Sliding support
Used to position the opened metal sash. It is generally installed on the lower edge of the sash, and some are also designed to be used with hinges. It is mostly made of brass, low carbon steel, zinc alloy, stainless steel and other materials, and the surface is plated with nickel, chromium or zinc. The varieties are set of eye brace, double arm brace, rocker brace, mobile brace and so on.
15. Window hook
Installed on a wooden window to fix the sash open. It is generally made of low-carbon steel wire and is galvanized on the surface.
16. Anti-theft chain
Also known as the safety chain. It consists of two chainplates and a connecting chain. The chainplate is respectively installed on the door leaf and the door frame. The anti-theft chain can limit the door leaf to a small opening angle (generally no more than 8°), effectively preventing outsiders from intruding.
17. Induction door opening device
The electronic device for automatic opening door leaf. The main device is a microwave induction or light control induction contact. It can automatically input the induction signal of human body or object so that the door leaf can be opened or closed automatically. Generally used in conjunction with automatic doors and transmission machinery.
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